Tuesday, May 26, 2020
In Housekeeping by Marilynne Robinson, the story follows Ruth and Lucille as they pass through the care of their mother, grandmother, great-aunts, and finally their motherÃ¢â¬â¢s transient sister, Sylvie. While Ruth is generally passively accepting of the care or lack thereof that she receives from these women, no matter how unconventional, Lucille purposefully sets herself against Sylvie. After existing outside of the boundaries that society imposes for the majority of her adult life, Sylvie is unable to provide the structured normality to which Lucille so desperately cleaves. In their own methods of seeking happiness, Sylvie prefers a fluid way of housekeeping, while Lucille needs strict adherence to convention. The polar relationship thatÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Even while Sylvie is trying to live without boundaries, in the way that she claims makes her feel the most at peace, she contemplates suicide. Ã¢â¬Å"She walked up the bank, and stood looking across the bridge for a moment, and then she began carefully, tie by tie, out onto it. Slowly she walked on and on, until she was perhaps fifty feet out over the waterÃ¢â¬ ¦ Ã¢â¬ËIÃ¢â¬â¢ve always wondered what it would be like.Ã¢â¬â¢Ã¢â¬ (81-82) Sylvie knows that the only way to live unrestricted is to die, much the way Helen did. In reality, however, society even places restrictions death. While the decedent may not be sentient and aware of such things, the categories of natural death, accidental death, and suicide are all seen within Housekeeping, and are a way of defining the lives of those who die after their deaths. However, it is her earthly restrictions Ã¢â¬â her obligations to Ruth and Lucille Ã¢â¬â that prevent Sylvie from committing suicide. In extreme contrast, Lucille has boundaries, and if society has an expectation, Lucille is going to follow it. Though the community did not peer through the windows at suppertime, Lucille requires complete normalcy from herself at all times. Ã¢â¬Å"She insisted on light at suppertime. She found three place settings of china and began demanding meat and vegetables.Ã¢â¬ (102) These demands are not unreasonable, but for a child to be requiring such things rather than grilled cheese sandwiches is odd Ã¢â¬â what kid
Friday, May 15, 2020
Workplace Conflict Resolution Ã¢â¬â A Case Study Posted on October 13, 2009 Leaders frequently face situations where conflict arises in the workplace and theyÃ¢â¬â¢re called upon to resolve the situation. Although conflict is not generally regarded as a positive experience it actually can be a key opportunity to create change that will reduce friction in the workplace. We can begin to defuse conflict by understanding what it is and implementing some practical strategies to manage it. Conflict is a natural part of the workplace experience; people do not see eye to eye on everything and often dig in and defend their positions. Conflict arises when individuals do not see the world in the same way. The trap we fall into is assuming that conflictÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Tom has tried everything he knows to smooth things out but the two still spar frequently. This chronic pattern has led to disciplinary action by Tom and complaints to human resources by Tina. Both parties are productive employees who love the company and their jobs but do not know how to move beyond all this conflict. Tom realizes that in order to build an effective team he has to have Tina on board but he doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t know how to do it. He knows that by using TinaÃ¢â¬â¢s skills and energy he will look better and the company will benefit. But how to do it? Following our common-sense approach Tom asks Tina to sit down and talk. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s important to mention first that managers benefit greatly by putting in place some key elements that lead to successful conversations such as meeting at a mutually convenient time, no distractions or interruptions allowed, no agendas, a calm environment and unrestricted time to talk. When we set up an environment conducive to relaxed conversation we create a greater likelihood of success. A small investment in time up front to talk in depth can more than make up for the countless lost hours and cost devoted to ongoing conflict. They begin the conversation and together they discover that one issue at hand is that Tina prefers to work with less supervision. They agree that they will talk about that one issue and name it, Ã¢â¬Å"Tina working with less supervision.Ã¢â¬ The next thing they do is that each talks about what he or she thinks about Tina workingShow MoreRelatedConflicts And Conflict Resolution Process1671 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesConflicts are inevitable in any human sÃ¢â¬â¢ interaction which makes their occurrence normal in the workplace. Conflict can be caused by imbalance of power and communication barriers that arise from the social structure or individual interpersonalÃ¢â¬â¢ perceptions, assumptions and expectations. The interpersonal conflict has a huge impact on the individual himself and extends to the workplace. The Human Resources (HR) role comes in light to attempt to help in the conflict resolution process. Human resourcesRead MoreGender and Culture Conflicts at Work858 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesÃ¯ » ¿Gender and Culture Conflicts @Work There are a number of conflicts at my workplace. One of which that is related to gender is the differences in conflict management and conflict interaction with respect to gender. I noticed differences in how women react to and engage in conflict as compared with men. While differences are good in some cases, these differences, particularly with respect to conflict (in general) can exacerbate the conflict or redirect it such that the conflict does not get resolvedRead MoreThe Importance Of Guidance For Leaders And Employees1097 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesIntroduction: A successful leader must communicate effectively with their staff and remains supported when difficult issues arise within the work environment. Conflicts among staff is a major issue within the healthcare system and often time occurs between physician, nurses, patients and their family. Leaders must listen empathetically and intervene when conflict arises. Failure can results in chaos and thus creates a toxic environment for all that can destroy an organization. The purpose of this paper is toRead MoreReasons For The Customer Service Complaints1455 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesprocess Coaching Use question and feedbacks to help learnersÃ¢â¬â¢ learning process. It is a process to help staffs improve their performance in the workplace. It is about improving staffÃ¢â¬â¢s performance level and concentrate on the task results Counselling Counselling is used when there is an issue with staff behavior, performance and personal issues in the workplace. Mentoring Share information, experiences and give and receive advices and guidance. It is to create a positive influence on staffsÃ¢â¬â¢ professionalRead MoreRecent Customer Service Issues Within Cricket Equip1429 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesprocess Coaching Use question and feedbacks to help learnersÃ¢â¬â¢ learning process. It is a process to help staffs improve their performance in the workplace. It is about improving staffÃ¢â¬â¢s performance level and concentrate on the task results Counselling Counselling is used when there is an issue with staff behavior, performance and personal issues in the workplace. Mentoring Share information, experiences and give and receive advices and guidance. It is to create a positive influence on staffsÃ¢â¬â¢ professionalRead MoreInternal Conflict : A Blessing And Curse For Any Organisation1249 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesInternal conflict can be a blessing and curse for any organisation. The conflict that ensures may have extreme ramifications on the business, however through conflict some of the greatest innovations can be born ensuring a business thrives. Although workplace diversity can cause conflict it can easily broaden the horizons for an organisation and spark communication. Internal conflict will result in the scrutiny of organizational habits and help expel practices that may be hindering the future ofRead MoreRecent Customer Service Issues Within Cricket Equip1345 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesLead effective workplace relationships Assessment Task 2: Project Part A Agenda Template To: firstname.lastname@example.org ,email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org From: email@example.com Subject: Recent customer service issues within Cricket Equip Date: 20/03/16 Meeting topics to be discussed 1. Meeting opening and welcome 9.00am-9.30am 2. Current customer service complaints within Cricket Equip 10.30am -11.00am 3. Cricket Equip customer service standard and procedures 11.00am-11Read MoreEffective Communication Skills Are Essential For Success1222 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesIndividuals today in the workplace need to effectively communicate with employees, customers and potential clients. Effective and clear communication if not delivered in the right manner could be interpreted by the receiver and have a negative impact. There are many barriers that can effect a conversation such as cultural differences, gender and environment. Employees can learn how to adapt in different situations to improve their skills and potentially avoid conflict. How can manager and employeesRead MoreEssay about Conflict Resolution Case Study1283 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesConflict Resolution Case Study Conflict is inescapable, having the ability to recognize, understand, and resolve conflicts are important in both personal and professional lives. Myatt (2012) states that conflict in the workplace is unavoidable; if left unresolved, workplace conflict may result in loss of productivity and the creation of barriers that can inhibit creativity, cooperation, and collaboration. It is vital to embrace conflict and address problems through effective conflict-resolutionRead MoreEmployee Retention Rates And The Quality Of Work910 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagessuch as conflict resolution is a major facet in employee satisfaction It is very important to try and ensure that the time employees are spending at work is both fruitful for the organization, as well as conducive to the staffs mental health. Disgruntled employees can impact an organization in a small way by not completing tasks accurately or in a timely fashion. They can also make a large impact by spreading negative information about the organization or even as far as a violent workplace outburst
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Active Duty Service Members. Traditionally, the U.S. military has faced lower suicide rates compared to their civilian counterparts. However, the suicide rate among active duty military personnel has increased in the last decade, almost doubling in the Army and Marine Corps. Unlike the low active duty suicide rates of Vietnam, OEF/OIF active duty suicide rates are at near record highs (McCarl, 2013). Once again, it is believed that multiple deployments to Iraq and Afghanistan is one of the culprits of this staggering statistic. Since operations has begun in the Middle East in 2001 through 2011, there have been 2,810 military personnel who have committed suicide while on active duty (McCarl, 2013). Suicide by Firearms. Firearms are the most common means of suicide among military veterans. Among male veterans, 84% of completed suicides involved firearms, compared to 55% among nonveterans (Kaplan et al., 2009). Firearm suicide rates were highest among veterans aged 18 to 34 and those aged 65 years and older. Firearm suicide rates among veterans aged 18 to 34 years was a staggering 150% higher than that of their civilian counterparts (Kaplan et al., 2009). Kaplan et al. (2009) has found that 75% of military veterans report that they own a firearm, of those individuals 59% have considered using a firearm to complete suicide, and 38% had loaded a firearm with suicide in mind while intoxicated (p. 503). Women Veterans. Women now make up a significant number of theShow MoreRelatedThe Veterans Of Foreign Wars Organization Essay1187 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesIntroduction The Veterans of Foreign Wars Organization (VFW) is a nonprofit group founded in 1899 comprised of military service members and qualified veterans. Their mission is to serve the veterans, military, and community while nurturing camaraderie (VFW, n.d.). They aim to ensure that all veterans are appreciated for their service and are recognized for the sacrifice they have made for this great country. The VFW of Rapid City, South Dakota is one of many locations in the United States. TheyRead MoreSuicide, The Silent Killer1343 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagessuicide, The Silent Killer Suicide is the tenth leading cause of death across all ages in the United States. It is also the second leading cause of death for 15 - 35 year olds nationwide. The World Health Organization (or WHO) estimates that approximately 1 million people die every year from suicide. However, almost twice that number that attempt it and survived. In Georgia suicide is the third leading cause of death with roughly 1,000 death per year. Suicide has lasting effects on families and communities;Read MoreVeterans Are Winning The War Of Afghanistan, Losing The Battle At Home1694 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesVeterans are winning the war in Afghanistan but, losing the battle at home. Many veterans result from some kind of damage, with mental disability being the most common, because mental and emotional encumbrance comes home with the veterans when they return from war. Many of these affected veterans sign up for an eternal waiting list that does not assure them with the necessary financial help. Leaving the m with little or no help, and without the help the veterans integrate the problems into theirRead MoreThe Deaths Of The United States2639 Words Ã |Ã 11 PagesAccording to recent data, suicide is in on the top ten causes of death in the United States. As the staggering number of suicides increases to over 36,000 a year, and more than a 100 each day. (OÃ¢â¬â¢Neil 1) When looking at the data for military veterans, the numbers are even more alarming, as the increasing number, is caused for a national concern. In the past decade the demographics for veterans that committed suicide was predominantly was white male and in the age range of 18 years to 25 years oldRead MoreMental Health and Mental Illness: Measuring the Depth Within1877 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesmajor depression or a bipolar disorder. This means that about 2.4 million Americans or 11% of all adults develop and live with schizophrenia. About half of these cases start at age 14 (NAMI). National Health Expenditures The annual economic and indirect cost of mental illness has been placed at $79 billion, approximately $63 billion of which accounts for lost productivity as a result of mental illnesses NAMI, 2012). Mental Illness and Gender Suicide is the third leading cause of death in theRead MorePost Traumatic Stress Disorder Essay1672 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesfor the increasing number of Michigan Veterans affected by psychological diagnoses and the benefits that come from utilizing service dogs to decrease effects associated with these diagnoses for Veterans to function in society. It would allow a five-year pilot program to be established to record the significance service dogs have on decreasing psychological symptoms of Veterans with post-traumatic stress disorder. It would also record the number of Veterans who are able to return to normal functionalityRead MorePost-Traumatic Stress Disorder: Causes Symptoms and Effects Essay1382 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesor Operation Enduring Freedom. What this number does not include are the 39,365 cases of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (more commonly known as PTSD). (Department 2009) Although we usually think of war injuries as being physical, one of the most common war inju ries is Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, and the effects can be devastating to a redeploying soldier who has come in contact with severely traumatic experiences. PTSD is an anxiety disorder in which patients who have experienced extremelyRead MoreThe Role Of Financial Resources On The War Of The United States1152 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesrequired the same resources within the country. Until now the casualties of such useless enterprise are the reason for the 0ngoing government issues. Going to war does not just mean playing the hero to help the people in need. It is not a fiction movie but the reality. It is reality that can be seen in the family of the military members, and their community. First of all, when families send their men off to warzones, even when they feel the pride of serving their country, the fear of whether their belovedRead MoreEffects of Substance Abuse among the Ranks of US Army Soldiers2602 Words Ã |Ã 10 PagesThe Effects of Substance Abuse among the Ranks of U.S. Army Soldiers Introduction The New York Times reported recently that suicides are on track for becoming the most common cause of death for members of the military in 2012, higher than the number dying in combat (Williams, 2012). Although suicides have occurred in all branches of the U.S. military, the Army accounts for a full 53% of the total number (AFHSC, 2012a, p. 7). The stress of combat is believed to one of the primary contributingRead MorePost Traumatic Stress Disorder ( Ptsd )1708 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesIraqi Freedom (OIF) and Operation New Dawn (OND) veterans in the United States (DoD, 2014). Post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and traumatic brain injury (TBI) are signature wounds of these military operations, and are commonly referred to as Ã¢â¬Å"invisible wounds of warÃ¢â¬ (Tanielian et al 2008, from bello have another?-). OEF, OIF, and OND consisted of the longest and most frequent deployments in U.S. History with forty-eight percent of veterans having served at least two deployments (DoD, 2013)
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Question: What Is The Major Topical Issue In All Levels Of Organization? Answer: Introduction In the recent decades, effective leadership has emerged to be a major topical issue in all levels of organization due to the critical part that leadership plays towards the success of an organization. Due to the critical role of leadership, it is important for the one in leadership position to possess self-awareness regarding his leadership strengths and weaknesses. To facilitate this process, have been developed several tools for leaders to carry out self-assessment. Some of these tools include Leadership self-assessment Personal Style Inventory, Credibility Assessment, and Leadership Assessment Team Leadership Styles Profile. This paper is going to provide an analysis of my potential as a leader following the results of the three leadership assessment tools above. An explanation of the purpose of the assessment tool Leadership Assessment Team Leadership Styles Profile is based on leadership attributes scale that is used in the leadership curriculum of Monash University. It consists of an 18-item questionnaire, which allows a leader to respond by marketing them on a scale of 1 (Always) to 4 (Never). The purpose of this tool is to assess ones leadership behavior and to determine his or her style of leadership. This tool divides leaders into three categories, for example, autocratic; a leader who focuses on costs and control, collaborative; a leader who is productive and cooperative, and empowering; a leader who demonstrates high involvement with the team and its activities. The second leadership tool is the Credibility Assessment, whose purpose is to provide students with information about their current level of credibility with regards to leadership. It is made up of a 14-item questionnaire that allows one to respond in a scale of 1 to 5, and the scores are used to determine whether a leader possess two major components of credible leadership, which are trust and expertise. The third tool is the Leadership self-assessment Personal Style Inventory, which is made up of a consisting of 32-item questionnaire. The purpose of this tool is to help first line supervisors, manager, and team leaders to carry out their personal inventory based on four dimension. These dimensions are introversion and extroversion, sensing and intuiting, judging and perceiving and thinking and feeling. A discussion about the insights the results provided into your potential as a leader According to the results of Leadership self-assessment Personal Style Inventory, I have a high potential of becoming an effective leader. Based on the first dimension, I am an extrovert due to my characteristics of interacting with others and the ability to understand the external. According to transactional theory of leadership, a good leader should possess effective skills of collaboration and teamwork to steer a team towards success (Turner Mller, 2010). These skills are vital because they enable the leader to develop a skilled and a talented team to achieve the goals and objectives that have been set. Through effective collaboration and teamwork, I can develop a team where members supplement one anothers weaknesses. This is in accordance with the trait-based theory of leadership that states that a good leader influences people through his innate characteristic (Zaccaro, 2007). The results also show that I am a thinker more than a feeler. This shows that I have effective thinking skills, which is vital for successful leadership. As a leader, I am able to make reasonable and well-thought out judgment and express my ideas in a logical manner (French Tracey, 2010). Equally, as a leader I can conceptualize, analyze and synthesize the information that I receive from my subordinates and make appropriate decisions that facilitate the achievement of the set goals and objectives (Elder Paul, 2009). Based on the Credibility Assessment Tool, I lack the sufficient expertise to be a leader; however, I have a high level of trust in my organization. With a score of 25, I have sufficient expertise in my organization, but I need to make significant improvements to become an effective leader. My colleagues view me a subject matter expert and this gives me a high potential of becoming an effective leader within my organization. Based on the traits theory of leadership, one must believe in himself and he should be able to win the trust of his subordinates by demonstrating good qualities of leadership (Goodwin, Lee Whittington, Murray, Nichols, 2011). According to the findings of the Leadership Assessment Team Leadership Styles Profile, I have very minimal potential of being a collaborative frontline winner. The transformational theory of leadership requires that a leader should possess effective skills of collaboration to transform and inspire his team to achieve the set goals and objectives (Riaz Haider, 2010). However, the lack of these skills limits my potential of serving as a good leader due to lack of the ability to transform and inspire my subordinates to embrace teamwork. Despite this, I have effective skills of empowering front line leader, therefore, the ability to get involved in the activities of my organization enables me to inspire my team to success. Besides, my low score on autocratic leadership demonstrate that I have the potential of becoming a good leader who embraces teamwork. This is in accordance to the democratic theory of leadership, which advocates for the involvement and participation of the subordinate s in the decision making process. A comparison and contrast of the results from each self-assessment Similarities The results from all the three assessment tools indicate that I possess effective critical thinking skills. Leadership self-assessment Personal Style Inventory, I am a thinker more than a perceiver. Equally, according to Leadership Assessment Team Leadership Styles Profile, always solve problems as they come. These shows that in have effective analytical skills to make informed decisions to steer my team towards success (Truss, Shantz, Soane, Alfes, Delbridge, 2013). Another similarity between the three tools is that I have characteristics of a collaborative leader. The tools shows that I am an extrovert, I interact with my team members and I engage them in the process of decision-making and in the teams activities to attain the set goals (Pandya, 2014).This is in accordance to the democratic theory of leadership, which advocates for the involvement of the subordinates in the process of decision making (Goodpasture, 2010). This is similar to the findings of Leadership self-assessment Personal Style Inventory which shows that I am an empowering frontline leader who embraces the involvement of others in organizational tasks. Similarly, the Credibility Assessment shows that I have a strong relationship with my team members. Differences The results of Leadership Self-assessment Personal Style Inventory shows that I highly embrace teamwork and collaboration and that I value working with others. This is similar to the results of Credibility Assessment provide contrary results a collaborative leader due to my practice of involving my subordinates in the decision-making process. On the other hand, the results of the Leadership Assessment Team Leadership Styles Profile, which shows that I score very low as a collaborative frontline leader. Therefore, I do not cooperate with my colleagues and these results contradicts the findings of the first two tools. Another difference between the results of the three tools is in my decision-making process. Accounting to Leadership Assessment Team Leadership Styles Profile, I often make instant decisions on my own. This can be understood through the situational/contingency theory of leadership, which advocates for taking contingency measures to address unexpected events within an organization (Peretomode, 2012). On the other hand, the results of Credibility Assessment and the Leadership Self-assessment Personal Style Inventory show that I only make decisions after consulting with my team; a characteristic of a collaborative leader (Coleman MacNicol, 2015). Leadership Styles Concise Analysis Transformational leadership refers a leadership style where the leader works in collaboration with the subordinates to identify the relevant changes, develop a vision and inspire the subordinates to achieve the set goals (Neider Schriesheim, 2011). On the other hand, trait-based leadership is where the leader utilizes his unique inborn character to provide leadership and inspire the subordinates to achieve the set goals and objectives (Yukl, 2010). This section is going to discuss the similarities and differences between these two styles of leadership. Similarities between trait based and transformational leadership With regards the roles, both leadership styles involves having a strong influence on the subordinates (Boerner, Eisenbeiss, Griesser, 2007). According to trait-based theory, a leader is born with certain particular individual features and capabilities that distinguish them from their subordinates. The leader utilizes these special characters to influence their subordinates. Equally, transformational leaders develop a strong vision to inspire their subordinate to work towards it. With regards to behavior, both leadership style entails collaboration and team. It is required that leaders should work together with subordinates and that the whole team should be engaged in the decision-making process and get involved in all organizational activities to ensure organizational success (Northouse, 2016,). With regards to preference, both transformational leaders prefer the development of a vision and inspiring their subordinates to success. Both leaders possess excellent visionary skills and able to formulate effective visions according to the needs of their subordinates. Differences With regards to type, transformational leaders embrace democracy in their leadership process because they need to work with subordinates to identify a change and work towards achieving the desired change (Winkler, 2010). Conversely, trait-based style of leadership tends to embrace autocracy due to their unique characters which command followership even without the will of the followers. Concerning the role of a leader, transformational leaders play the role of motivating their subordinates to towards the achievement of the main goal. Transformational organizational leaders use motivational theories such as Maslows hierarchy of needs to motivate their followers, for instance, they identify the needs of their followers and work towards fulfilling them (Norman, Avolio, Luthans, 2010). On the other hand, trait-based leaders give directions for others to follower without necessarily motivating them. Concerning capabilities, transformation leaders can arouse the emotions of the followers through effective communication skills to lead them towards the achievement of the set organizations goals. According to the transformational leadership theory, effective leadership entails the ability to motivate and inspire your subordinates or team members to attain the set goals according to the needs of the team (Riaz Haider, 2010). Conversely, the trait-based leaders rely on the use of punishment and rewards trigger motivation to their followers to work towards achieving the set goals. In conclusion, both transformational and trait-based leadership share a lot in common, for example, the use of collaboration and inspiring the subordinates. These skills enable them to lead their teams to success. However, they have some differences, for example, while transformational leaders embrace democracy, trait-based leaders tend to be more autocratic in the leadership process. References Coleman, S. MacNicol, D., 2015,Project Leadership, Gower Publishing, Ltd: Farnham, Surrey, UK Burlington, VT. Elder, L. Paul, R., 2009. The Aspiring Thinkers Guide to Critical Thinking. Foundation for Critical Thinking Press: 17, 20, and 44. [Online]. Available at: https://www.criticalthinking.org/ctmodel/logic-model1.htm French, E. Tracey, N., 2010, Critical Thinking and Organization Theory: Embedding a process to encourage graduate capabilities, E-Journal of Business Education Scholarship of Teaching, Vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 1-10. Goodpasture, J., 2010, Project Management the Agile Way: Making it Work in the Enterprise,J. Ross Publishing, Ft. Lauderdale, FL. Goodwin, V. L., Lee Whittington, J., Murray, B., Nichols, T., 2011, Moderator or mediator? Examining the role of trust in the transformational leadership paradigm, Journal of Managerial Issues, Vol. 23, no. 4, pp. 409. Neider, L. L., Schriesheim, C. A., 2011, The Authentic Leadership Inventory (ALI): Development and empirical tests, The Leadership Quarterly, Vol. 22, no. 6, pp. 1146-1164. Norman, S.M, Avolio, B.J., Luthans, F., 2010, The impact of positivity and transparency on trust in leaders and their perceived effectiveness. Leadership Quarterly, Vol. 21, pp. 350. Northouse,P. G., 2016, Leadership: Theory and practice, (7th Ed). SAGE Publications: Los Angeles, CA. Pandya, K. D., 2014, The Key Competencies of Project Leader beyond the Essential Technical Capabilities, IUP Journal of Knowledge Management, Vol. 12, no. 4, pp. 39-48. Peretomode, O., 2012, Situational and Contingency Theories of Leadership: Are They the Same?, IOSR Journal of Business and Management, Vol. 4, no. 3, pp. 13-17. Riaz, A. Haider, M. H., 2010, Role of transformational and transactional leadership on job satisfaction and career satisfaction, Business and Economic Horizons, Vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 29-38. Truss, C., Shantz, A., Soane, E., Alfes, K. Delbridge, R., 2013, Employee engagement, organisational performance and individual well-being: exploring the evidence, developing the theory, The International Journal of Human Resource Management, Vol. 24, no. 14, pp. 2657-2669. Turner, J. Mller, R., 2010,Project-Oriented Leadership.Gower Publishing, Ltd: Farnham, Surrey, UK Burlington, VT. Winkler, I., 2010,Contemporary Leadership Theories: Enhancing the Understanding of the Complexity, Subjectivity and Dynamic of Leadership, Physica-Verlag: Heidelberg. Yukl, G., 2010, Leadership in organizations. (7th Ed.). Prentice Hall: Upper Saddle River, NJ. Zaccaro, S., 2007, Trait-Based Perspectives of Leadership, American Psychologist, Vol. 62, no. 1, pp. 6-16.
Sunday, April 12, 2020
Benito Mussolini In the early 20th century, before Benito Mussolini and his fascist regime came to power. Italy was in a terrible state. The government was corrupt, there were back door deals taking place and there was wide spread violence. The government was constantly using brute force to silence those who opposed, many were also thrown in jail for advocating a change in the government. Among these men were Mussolini's father who during Benito early years instilled the ideas of socialism and a socialist government. During Benito's upbringing his father was thrown in jail a number of times for urging the over throw of the current Italian government. Times were tough and people had to struggle to fed themselves and their family. The Mussolini's were poor as were many others in Italy at the time. Working hard Benito Mussolini was able to get a job as a school teacher, after working only a year at it, he borrowed some money from his parents to buy a train ticket to Switzerland. In Switzerland Mussolini greatly increased his knowledge of socialism. Later returning to Italy, Mussolini began to gain a following. He became to editor of the Socialist newspaper where he constantly preached his ideas. World War I began to roll around and against the wishes of the Socialist party he began to advocate that Italy enter the war. Mussolini then left the Socialist party and went to fight for the cause. After coming out of the war chaos gripped Italy, and it was during this time that Mussolini's views spread throughout the country. He gained an army of followers including military veterans. Mussolini also connected with the lower classes and gained their support. Now with some backing Mussolini formed the National Fascist Party. With this power he was able to take over the government and declared a complete dictatorship. The Italy that was once falling apart was now back up on its feet. Mussolini was a dictator of the people. He built roads, harnessed rivers, increased production and ran the trains on time. The standard of living Italy was increasing and the people were loving him. He was someone the people could relate to he was a success story. From poverty to ruling the country and improving it on the way. After several years in power Mussolini became power hungry once again. He abolished all other political parties and imposed government control on virtually ever aspect of Italian life. He conquered Ethiopia and Albania. His tragic ending was near when he became involved with Hitler and aided him in World War II. After Italy was humiliated, Mussolini was captured by his own people who once loved him and he was killed. During his rule Mussolini changed the chaotic government that preceded him which did nothing to help the people of Italy and he help the lower classes which he sympathized with. To many Mussolini and his Fascist regime were feared, but in Italy they were loved.
Wednesday, March 11, 2020
T4RSP Tax Slips for Canadian Income Taxes A Canadian T4RSP tax slip, or Statement of RRSP Income, is prepared and issued by a financial institution to tell you and the Canada Revenue Agency (CRA) how much money you withdrew from or received out of your RRSPs for a given tax year and how much tax was deducted. A T4RSP slip also shows the amount withdrawn from an RRSP under the Home Buyers Plan and for the Lifelong Learning Plan. Money transferred from an RRSP to a spouse or partner under a court order or written agreement in a marriage or partnership breakdown is also shown on a T4RSP. Residents of Quebec receive a RelevÃ © 2 (RL-2). Deadline for T4RSP Tax Slips T4RSP tax slips must be issued by the last day of February the year after the calendar year to which the T4RSP tax slips apply. Sample T4RSP Tax Slip This sample T4RSP tax slip from the CRA site shows what a T4RSP tax slip looks like. For more information on what is included in each box on the T4RSP tax slip and how to deal with it when filing your income tax return, click on the box number in the pull-down menu or click on the box on the sample T4RSP tax slip. Filing T4RSP Tax Slips With Your Income Tax Return When you file a paper income tax return, include copies of each of the T4RSP tax slips you receive. If you file your income tax return using NETFILE or EFILE, keep copies of your T4RSP tax slips with your records for six years in case the CRA asks to see them. Missing T4RSP Tax Slips If you havent received a T4RSP slip, file your income tax return by the deadline anyway to avoid penalties for filing your income taxes late. Calculate the income and any related deductions and credits you can claim as closely as you can using any information you have. Include a note with the financial institutions name and address, the type and amount of RRSP income and related deductions, and what you have done to get a copy of the missing T4RSP slip. Include copies of any statements you used in calculating the income and deductions for the missing T4RSP tax slip. Other T4 Tax Information Slips Other T4 tax information slips include: T4 - Statement of Remuneration PaidT4A - Statement of Pension, Retirement, Annuity, and Other IncomeT4A(OAS) - Statement of Old Age SecurityT4A(P) - Statement of Canada Pension Plan BenefitsT4E - Statement of Employment Insurance and Other BenefitsT4RIF - Statement of Income From a Registered Retirement Income Fund
Sunday, February 23, 2020
Parphrase for TARIQ PART 1 AND PART 2 - Essay Example This implies that the pin will not generate more than 200mA. Pin 6 Ã¢â¬â is chipÃ¢â¬â¢s threshold pin. The function of this pin is to determine rail voltageÃ¢â¬â¢s two thirds so that a LOW state output can be achieved only when Pin 2 is in the HIGH state. The impedance of Pin 6 is quite high so that it triggers at nearly 1uA. A 555 timer based oscillator can be defined as a circuit which gives waveforms running highly and clear free. It is possible to adjust these waveformsÃ¢â¬â¢ output frequency by making a connection between an RC circuit, one capacitor, and two resistors. This circuit is a general relaxation oscillatorÃ¢â¬â¢s type that gives out stable square waveforms. The frequency of these waveforms is fixed at nearly 500 kHz. It may have duty cycles anywhere between 50 and 100%. This oscillator circuit consists of a re-triggering mechanism that is made by interfacing the trigger input Pin 2 and Pin 6 that is threshold voltage. This is unlike the monostable circuit which terminates after elapse of the pre-set time. As a result, the device becomes a stable oscillator circuit. Pin 2 and Pin 6 are interconnected in the above oscillator circuit. This results in the development of a self-triggering mechanism in the circuit in every operation cycle so that the operation of the circuit becomes a free running oscillator. Another name for this circuit is voltage-to-frequency converter because it is possible to change its output frequency by changing the applied input voltage. Pin 5 is generally the pin of voltage control. The primary function of Pin 5 is trigger control and control of the threshold levels. The voltage across Pin 5 is generally VccÃ¢â¬â¢s two-third because of the existence of a voltage divider that is internally built. Upon the application of an external voltage to this terminal, it is possible to change the control voltage. The timing capacitor is the voltage across the
Friday, February 7, 2020
The Development of the Entire Individual and the Establishment of Children - Essay Example Child soldiers often experience and are exposed to unthinkable brutality. Publicised experiences of children in war involve witnessing, or even, participating in brutal killings, maiming, and torturing; being coerced to take part in sexual acts; being severely mutilated or beaten; having to raid and raze down houses; and losing loved ones (Honwana, 2011). The personal experiences of child soldiers are determined by the nature of their participation in armed conflict. Most children are coerced to become soldiers, whilst others join with different objectives. For instance, child soldiers from Sierra Leone have admitted that they enjoy the stimulation of combat and experiencing the unique camaraderie and unity that emerge within the group. Others, who had even become leaders at a very young age, admitted that they get pleasure from leading, using skills in war, and being admired and revered by their comrades (Honwana, 2011). In Sierra Leone, countless youngsters sought membership in RUF because it offered education, instruction, and guidance that the government had failed to provide (Wessells, 2006). Current studies show that the roles of child soldiers differ in relation to circumstances and gender. In Sierra Leone, girls are usually recruited or forced to become the sex slaves of rebel forces. Failure or refusal to satisfy the needs for sex can result in inhumane punishment, and, at times, death. But in certain instances, some women have been given leadership positions (Gates & Reich, 2010).
Wednesday, January 29, 2020
Energy Drinks and There Effects Essay Have you ever wondered what the side effects were after drinking an energy drink? People buy these types of drinks all the time and they are very popular with the younger groups. They give you a boost of energy but they can also make you sick. There are many different brands of energy drinks on the market the most popular are Red Bull and Monster. People are now mixing these with alcohol which has a serious side effect. There are several ingredients in energy drinks: caffeine, taurine, b vitamins, inositol, ginseng, glucuronolactone, artificial sweeteners, ginkgo biloba, and l-carnitine. The caffeine in these drinks can cause dizziness, jitters, nausea, irritability and nervousness. You can also have an allergic reaction like: a rash, difficulty breathing, and swelling of the mouth, face, lips or tongue. To many b vitamins like vitamin (B3) can cause flushing of the skin. Ginkgo biloba can cause nausea, vomiting, heart palpitations and the l-carnitine can cause headache, diarrhea, sleep difficulty. Why do people buy these drinks? Because they give you an energy boost when you need it. These types of drinks are more popular with the teens and college kids they drink these to give them a boost when they are studying or partying to help them stay awake but when the effects of the drink wears off they feel more tired than they already were. These drinks contain more caffeine then a regular soda a normal soda has 25-40 milligrams of caffeine and the energy drink has 280 milligrams of caffeine. This much caffeine can affect your heart rate and blood pressure. Having this much caffeine in your body can make you heart rate become accelerated. These sorts of drinks can also cause dehydration which is not good on your body. Mixing energy drinks and alcohol has become popular with people. It says that when you mix the two together the energy drinks counteracts the depressant effect of alcohol. Mixing the two causes your body to become more dehydrated than drinking one of the drinks alone. After you drink one or more of the mixed drinks your body wants more and you become more dehydrated. My thoughts about this type of drink are that they are not very healthy and they can cause permanent damage to your body. Why would anyone want to put something like that in there body? For me they are no good and would cause more damage to my heart than there already is and you only have one heart. My own children have tried these energy drinks and the effects they had on them were not pleasant they were full of energy and could not hold still for a minute and when the effects wore off they were too tired to do anything. When they woke up the next day they still felt tired and they said they didnÃ¢â¬â¢t feel all the greatest. References: The Health Effects of Energy Drinks-Associated content from Yahoo http://www. associatedcontent. com/article/234299/the _health_effects_of_energy_drinks_pg.
Tuesday, January 21, 2020
The Tragic Redemption of King Lear Shakespeare's ultimate Tragedy, King Lear, is indeed a dark and soul-harrowing play. The tragic madness of King Lear, and of the subsequent turmoil that follows from it, is all the more terrible for the king's inability to cope with the loss of his mind, his family, and his pride. This descent into horror culminates at the tragic conclusion, where both the innocent and the guilty die for other's mistakes and lack of judgment. And yet, as bleak and grim as the final scene is, all is not lost is misery. Many have died, and those that remain - the new generation - believe that "The oldest hath borne most; we that are young/Shall never see so much, nor live so long." (V.iii.326), understanding that a great age has passed, and that they must now pick up the pieces and try to continue on. However, among the death and despair, their have been powerful instances of change and transformation. Though the ending of King Lear is, indeed, grim and terrible, and King Lear himself dies miserable and in agony, their nevertheless remains a message of hope; among all the death, there are clear signs of redemption. This redemption is integral to the story of King Lear, though Lear is not the only one to undergo this process. Indeed, many of the main characters, from Edmund to Gloucester to Cordelia are transformed in the end; it is the tragedy of the play that they do not survive their redemption. However, to understand their change, it is important to know from whence they came, and what caused them, what forced them, to submit to this painful and bitter process. The impetus is, of course, the gradually escalating madness of the king. One can not clearly state that King... ...ty. Still firmly in the grips of madness, grasping at the faint hopes that Cordelia still lives, he must still feel the death and torment that surrounds him. He may die a better man, a redeemed man, but he dies an unhappy one. Works Cited Aggeler, Geoffrey. "'Good Pity' in King Lear: the Progress of Edgar." Neophilologus 77 (1993): 321-331. Kermode, Frank. "King Lear." The Riverside Shakespeare. Ed. G.B.Evans. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1974. 1249-54. Muir, Kenneth, ed. King Lear. London: Methuen & Co, 1972 Partee, Morriss Henry. "Edgar and the Ending of King Lear." Studia Neophilologica 63 (1991): 175-180. Notes: 1. It was Bradley who suggested that the play be called "The Redemption of King Lear. (Muir, 1iii) It was Bradley who suggested that the play be called "The Redemption of King Lear. (Muir, 1iii) Tragic Redemption of King Lear Essay -- King Lear essays The Tragic Redemption of King Lear Shakespeare's ultimate Tragedy, King Lear, is indeed a dark and soul-harrowing play. The tragic madness of King Lear, and of the subsequent turmoil that follows from it, is all the more terrible for the king's inability to cope with the loss of his mind, his family, and his pride. This descent into horror culminates at the tragic conclusion, where both the innocent and the guilty die for other's mistakes and lack of judgment. And yet, as bleak and grim as the final scene is, all is not lost is misery. Many have died, and those that remain - the new generation - believe that "The oldest hath borne most; we that are young/Shall never see so much, nor live so long." (V.iii.326), understanding that a great age has passed, and that they must now pick up the pieces and try to continue on. However, among the death and despair, their have been powerful instances of change and transformation. Though the ending of King Lear is, indeed, grim and terrible, and King Lear himself dies miserable and in agony, their nevertheless remains a message of hope; among all the death, there are clear signs of redemption. This redemption is integral to the story of King Lear, though Lear is not the only one to undergo this process. Indeed, many of the main characters, from Edmund to Gloucester to Cordelia are transformed in the end; it is the tragedy of the play that they do not survive their redemption. However, to understand their change, it is important to know from whence they came, and what caused them, what forced them, to submit to this painful and bitter process. The impetus is, of course, the gradually escalating madness of the king. One can not clearly state that King... ...ty. Still firmly in the grips of madness, grasping at the faint hopes that Cordelia still lives, he must still feel the death and torment that surrounds him. He may die a better man, a redeemed man, but he dies an unhappy one. Works Cited Aggeler, Geoffrey. "'Good Pity' in King Lear: the Progress of Edgar." Neophilologus 77 (1993): 321-331. Kermode, Frank. "King Lear." The Riverside Shakespeare. Ed. G.B.Evans. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1974. 1249-54. Muir, Kenneth, ed. King Lear. London: Methuen & Co, 1972 Partee, Morriss Henry. "Edgar and the Ending of King Lear." Studia Neophilologica 63 (1991): 175-180. Notes: 1. It was Bradley who suggested that the play be called "The Redemption of King Lear. (Muir, 1iii) It was Bradley who suggested that the play be called "The Redemption of King Lear. (Muir, 1iii)
Sunday, January 12, 2020
Noise is said to have a variety of definitions. For people who are inclined towards acoustics, noise is identified as a complex form of sound waves that have irregular vibrations and has no known pitch. In the field of engineering, noise is considered as a signal that interferes with the detection and quality identification of another signal. However, for psychoacoustic studies which are focused on the study of human response to sound, noise is deemed as an unwanted form of sound (American Speech-Language-Hearing Association [ASHA], 2008). According to K. D. Kryter (1996), noise is an enhanced form of sound signals that post a negative effect in the physiological and psychological aspect of an individual (Kryter, 1996 cited in ASHA, 2008). For the most part, noise is something that could be identified as an unwanted sound which is a pollutant and a hazard to the health of human beings (ASHA, 2008). Noise can be derived from a variety of contributors, and such noises have their own levels that are detrimental to the hearing of an individual. Noise levels are measured in decibels. Sounds that are louder than 80 decibels are considered to be hazardous. One of the leading sources of potentially hazardous noise is the airport. Noises from airports could come from constructions and operating machines. However, the major contributor for airport noise is caused by the aircrafts. There are two ways on how aircraft noises are generated. First, airframe noise appears whenever air passes through the fuselage or body and wings of the plane. The activity causes friction and turbulence which often result in the production of unwanted sound. Gliders which are planes without engines produce noise during its flights. Second, engine noise is derived from the action of the moving parts of the aircraftÃ¢â¬â¢s engine. Such noise is also produced whenever the sound of air passes through the engines during high speed. Engine noise mainly comes from the planeÃ¢â¬â¢s exhaust or the jet situated behind the engine whenever the air sound from the engine combines with the air surrounding it (Wellington Airport, 2008). Based from the study carried out by Daniel Nunez (1998), airplane noise poses disturbance in the human sleep more than any other forms of noises. It was also indicated that more than 50% of the people residing near airports are awakened by airplane noise (Holland-Wegman, 1967 cited in Nunez, 1998). The onset of aircraft noise as a major problem began during the time when there is an upsurge in the need of air transportation after World War Two. By the end of 1950Ã¢â¬â¢s, the introduction of jet planes became widely known which later on catapulted the Ã¢â¬Å"aviation revolutionÃ¢â¬ where commercial air passengers were also introduced (Nunez, 1998). The augmentation in the aircraft use also resulted in the increase in the noise level produced by air transportations. Because of the outstanding length of service and success of aircraft operations, airports gradually become larger and noisier. The attractive activities of airports also began to grab the attention of people, wherein surrounding communities started to spread all throughout the nearby areas. The more airports become bigger and nosier, the more residential structures, churches, and schools come closer to the area. Eventually, conflicting issues arise. Aside from the land expansion of airports which often cause nearby residents to act defensively, noise is also regarded as an issue that is very much integrated with airport operations (Bachman, 2003). As such, the painful sound from aircraft take offs and landings were viewed as the primary reasons of annoyance by the residents living near the area. From then on, airport noise has become a complex psychophysiological and economic issue (Nunez, 1998). The issues regarding aircraft noise are said to be complicated because of the aviation industryÃ¢â¬â¢s significance in the economy of developing countries. Without the presence of the aviation industry various economic industries would be gravely affected, some of which include the tourism business and mail transportation (Nunez, 1998). Many airports have spent large amounts of money in order to provide sound insulation for residential buildings and community owned structures to reduce aircraft noise (Bachman, 2003). One of the airports that have reached an agreement regarding their noise issue with the people in the surrounding community is the Wellington International Airport Limited (WIAL) situated in New Zealand. WIAL was constituted as a legal corporation on October 16, 1990. The aviation company is partly owned by the Wellington City Council which shares 34% of the total stocks, while the other 66% are owned by Infratil Limited. Wellington International Airport is known as the third largest airport in New Zealand and is classified as a regional hub that extends its international flight service not only in New Zealand but also to the Eastern part of Australia and the neighboring island countries in the south-west Pacific. Almost 90% of the passengers of WIAL travel domestically and majority of whom are business people (Ministry of Economic Development [MED], 2005). As it was said, no other cities in the world have an airport location that could be compared to Wellington International Airport. WIAL is situated on a narrow strip of land in the center of the residential areas. The airport is just minutes away towards the capitalÃ¢â¬â¢s centre. It is also accessible through a short coastal scenic drive or passing through the tunnel at Mount Victoria. Although the location of the airport is said to be unique, the airport is faced with substantial challenges in terms of its environmental impact, specifically the aircraft noise. The location of Wellington International Airport which is close to the residential area became a ground for the residents to organize the Residents Airport Noise Action Group, the noise abatement requirement, as well as different actions from the internal operations of the airport in order to decrease the noise pollution (Wellington Airport, 2008). Residents Airport Noise Action Group In 1963, Maxine Harris first moved into her home at Strathmore which is near Wellington International Airport. Five years after, Harris reported that the jet noise began. According to documents, Harris and her neighbors were not at all bothered by the jet noise. However by 1980Ã¢â¬â¢s, Harris and her neighbors started hearing the night-time acceleration of the airplane engines of National Airways. Harris even noted that they heard the revving of the airplane engines that sounded like a high-pitched whining that would wake her up in the middle of the night and would not allow her to get back to sleep. Harris complained about the noise issue, but an airport official told her that no other individual complained about the noise. Harris talked to her other neighbor about the issue and her neighbor told her that he had also complained, yet the airport official also told him that no other person called the airport to complain. Both Harris and her neighbor responded to the issue by putting leaflets in the mailboxes of their neighbors. The leaflet called for the other residents to phone the airport whenever they were disturbed by the aircraft noise (Samson, 1997a). Because of this, the neighbors responded well, and in 1986, the Residents Airport Noise Action Group was established. The group was focused on performing two tasks: to halt the engine testing at night and to lessen the noise produced by the 737Ã¢â¬â¢s. It was in 1986 when the group had their first meeting with the city council. During that time, they have voiced their complaints regarding the noise issue. Their first attempt became successful after the city passed the first by-law which is focused on the engine-testing. The by-law limits the testing times of the National Airways Friendship fleet. However, subsequent efforts of the group were not as successful as their first attempt. The noise problem of the Boeing 737Ã¢â¬â¢s still remains (Samson, 1997a). In 1987, the Ansett Airlines became a part of the internal air service market. In return, Air New Zealand has to expand their operations. It was stated that the residents regarded 1987 as the year of Ã¢â¬Å"big explosionÃ¢â¬ because of the noise produced by the aircrafts. In response to the growing issue of the airport noise, the residents put forward a proposal, stating that all the 737Ã¢â¬â¢s should be phased out in 1997. Three months after the proposal was passed, Ansett acknowledged the residentsÃ¢â¬â¢ plea by replacing the fleets with whisper jets that are much quieter compared to the 737Ã¢â¬â¢s. On the other hand, the city council framed a proposed by-law that would have ordered the Air New Zealand to reduce its fleet on a stage by stage process. However, the propose by-law did not take in effect (Samson, 1997a). By 1992, Air New Zealand promised that by the following year seven of their Boeing 737-200Ã¢â¬â¢s would have devices that would reduce noise known as hush kits and other fleets would be phased out and will be replaced by 737-300Ã¢â¬â¢s. However, the residents did not agree with this. Arguments were once again raised that have even reached the select committees of the parliament, yet the resolutions were unidentifiable (Samson, 1997, p. 19a). As a response to the noise issue that has been gaining public interest, the city council put forth a proposed district plan, but the residents opposed to it. However, in order to resolve the issue, environment court judge Shonagh Kenderdine ruled out in August of 1997 that the airport and the airlines should adhere to the strict rules as proposed by the district plan regarding the air noise boundary wherein a specific maximum noise level will be set. Furthermore, the noise boundary would later on be dissolved if there is an improvement with the airport and airlines noise management. Other regulations that were included in the ruling involve the night curfew, engine-testing, ground noise control, and land-use. The first three issues being disputed were already progressive after the issues were ruled out. The last dispute which was focused on the land use was not settled until November of 1997 (Samson, 1997a). As a follow up to the court ruling done on August of 1997, in order to end the ten-year fight regarding the acceptable noise level in Wellington area, and to finally conclude the last remaining area of dispute which was focused on the land use, Judge Shonagh Kenderdine ended the noise issue on November 20, 1997. The major players during the court case involved the Residents airport noise action group, the board of airline representatives, the Wellington city council, and the Wellington international airport. It was stipulated in the ruling that: Ã¢â¬Å"All new housing developments within the airportÃ¢â¬â¢s air-noise boundary would be deemed unrestricted discretionary activityÃ¢â¬ (Samson, 1997b, p. 3). Under the said ruling, any individuals who are interested to build residential structures within the surrounding airport area and all the application permits have to be approved by the Wellington City Council. Therefore, the council has the right to refuse or consent the details of the application depending on the criteria that are still to be set by the district plan (Samson, 1997b). Despite the criteria being on the process of completion, the interested party should be governed by the assessments set in the ruling wherein new homes that will be built within the airports air-noise boundary should use construction materials that could pass the standards of noise reductions. Such materials include: thicker gib boarding, double or thicker window glazing, and the installation of noise insulations. The ruling also required the city council to implement stricter rules regarding the development of new housings compared to the original proposition of the district plan (Samson, 1997b).
Saturday, January 4, 2020
The importance of nursing as a profession is generally lost on people who have either not spent time or havenÃ¢â¬â¢t had a loved one admitted in a hospital. Nurses serve at the front lines of the medical field and are the first individuals one encounters while visiting a hospital. They are the first administrators a patient meets and are saddled with the responsibility of evaluating and administering treatment. It makes the profession worth writing about, especially in a project summary example, to enlighten the public on the importance of nursing. On admitting a patient, a nurse takes responsibility of the patient, acts as the middle man between the doctor and the patient in the capacity of both a care taker and a support system for the patient. These responsibilities ensure that nurses end up spending more time with patients during hospitalization. Nursing is a true calling for it requires not only for a nurse to be certificated but also to have the emotional fortitude needed to be a source of strength and solace to hospitalized patients. Therefore, prospective nurses must cultivate a number of skills to achieve those goals. Compassion is one of them: caring for the terminally ill or the elderly is a full time job which can be very challenging. Nurses are given the responsibility of looking after patients who are not family, and without compassion the task is unachievable. A professional nurse is one who understands patientÃ¢â¬â¢s discomfort and employs his or her expertise to alleviate it. Another skill is selflessness. It is the ability to understand another individuals pain and challenges he/she may come across. For example, taking care of patients in hospices is very demanding. In these situations, looking after the physical and emotional well-being of a patient requires selflessness. Moreover, a nurse must possess great interpersonal skills. His/her duties include informing loved ones of terminally ill patients on the condition of their health. In some cases, the need to counsel both parties on the possibility of death may be unavoidable. Here nurses interpersonal skills and the ability to communicate compassionately are real assets. The nurse also must love his/her job: nursing is a profession that requires its adherents to invest both time and heart when carrying out tasks. Nurses are responsible for the human life kept in their care which makes it obligatory to focus entirely on a patientÃ¢â¬â¢s well-being while ignoring external distractions. Sometimes, these distractions could even be personal issues, and true love for the profession is the only way to stay focused on the job at hand. Diligence is a very important factor as well: the statistic covering US physicians shows that while doctors spend approximately 10 to 20 minutes with each patient, nurses spend an average of an hour. This sample project confirmed the fact that nurses spend more time handling patients and must be diligent enough to avoid medication errors. Nursing is an admirable profession and like in most professional fields, older and more experienced nurses are valued more and are given the additional responsibility of serving as good examples to the younger generation on the need to cultivate compassion, selflessness and interpersonal skills. References Hanan, M Awatef, H. (2015). Correlation between Patients Satisfaction and Nurses Caring Behaviors Vox 5, 31-32. Berman, S. (2008). Kozier Erb Fundamentals of Nursing Concepts, Processes and Practice. 13-15. Allen, D. and Lyne, P. (2006).Ã The reality of nursing research. London: Routledge. Black, B. and Chitty, K. (2014).Ã Professional nursing. St. Louis, Mo.: Elsevier. Caldwell, K., Henshaw, L. and Taylor, G. (2005). Developing a framework for critiquing health research.Ã Journal of Health, Social and Environmental Issues, 6(1), p.50. De Chesnay, M. (2015).Ã Nursing Research Using Data Analysis. New York: Springer Publishing Company, p.177. Ellis, P. (2010).Ã Evidence-based practice in nursing. Exeter, England: Learning Matters.