Tuesday, May 26, 2020
In Housekeeping by Marilynne Robinson, the story follows Ruth and Lucille as they pass through the care of their mother, grandmother, great-aunts, and finally their motherÃ¢â¬â¢s transient sister, Sylvie. While Ruth is generally passively accepting of the care or lack thereof that she receives from these women, no matter how unconventional, Lucille purposefully sets herself against Sylvie. After existing outside of the boundaries that society imposes for the majority of her adult life, Sylvie is unable to provide the structured normality to which Lucille so desperately cleaves. In their own methods of seeking happiness, Sylvie prefers a fluid way of housekeeping, while Lucille needs strict adherence to convention. The polar relationship thatÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Even while Sylvie is trying to live without boundaries, in the way that she claims makes her feel the most at peace, she contemplates suicide. Ã¢â¬Å"She walked up the bank, and stood looking across the bridge for a moment, and then she began carefully, tie by tie, out onto it. Slowly she walked on and on, until she was perhaps fifty feet out over the waterÃ¢â¬ ¦ Ã¢â¬ËIÃ¢â¬â¢ve always wondered what it would be like.Ã¢â¬â¢Ã¢â¬ (81-82) Sylvie knows that the only way to live unrestricted is to die, much the way Helen did. In reality, however, society even places restrictions death. While the decedent may not be sentient and aware of such things, the categories of natural death, accidental death, and suicide are all seen within Housekeeping, and are a way of defining the lives of those who die after their deaths. However, it is her earthly restrictions Ã¢â¬â her obligations to Ruth and Lucille Ã¢â¬â that prevent Sylvie from committing suicide. In extreme contrast, Lucille has boundaries, and if society has an expectation, Lucille is going to follow it. Though the community did not peer through the windows at suppertime, Lucille requires complete normalcy from herself at all times. Ã¢â¬Å"She insisted on light at suppertime. She found three place settings of china and began demanding meat and vegetables.Ã¢â¬ (102) These demands are not unreasonable, but for a child to be requiring such things rather than grilled cheese sandwiches is odd Ã¢â¬â what kid
Friday, May 15, 2020
Workplace Conflict Resolution Ã¢â¬â A Case Study Posted on October 13, 2009 Leaders frequently face situations where conflict arises in the workplace and theyÃ¢â¬â¢re called upon to resolve the situation. Although conflict is not generally regarded as a positive experience it actually can be a key opportunity to create change that will reduce friction in the workplace. We can begin to defuse conflict by understanding what it is and implementing some practical strategies to manage it. Conflict is a natural part of the workplace experience; people do not see eye to eye on everything and often dig in and defend their positions. Conflict arises when individuals do not see the world in the same way. The trap we fall into is assuming that conflictÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Tom has tried everything he knows to smooth things out but the two still spar frequently. This chronic pattern has led to disciplinary action by Tom and complaints to human resources by Tina. Both parties are productive employees who love the company and their jobs but do not know how to move beyond all this conflict. Tom realizes that in order to build an effective team he has to have Tina on board but he doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t know how to do it. He knows that by using TinaÃ¢â¬â¢s skills and energy he will look better and the company will benefit. But how to do it? Following our common-sense approach Tom asks Tina to sit down and talk. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s important to mention first that managers benefit greatly by putting in place some key elements that lead to successful conversations such as meeting at a mutually convenient time, no distractions or interruptions allowed, no agendas, a calm environment and unrestricted time to talk. When we set up an environment conducive to relaxed conversation we create a greater likelihood of success. A small investment in time up front to talk in depth can more than make up for the countless lost hours and cost devoted to ongoing conflict. They begin the conversation and together they discover that one issue at hand is that Tina prefers to work with less supervision. They agree that they will talk about that one issue and name it, Ã¢â¬Å"Tina working with less supervision.Ã¢â¬ The next thing they do is that each talks about what he or she thinks about Tina workingShow MoreRelatedConflicts And Conflict Resolution Process1671 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesConflicts are inevitable in any human sÃ¢â¬â¢ interaction which makes their occurrence normal in the workplace. Conflict can be caused by imbalance of power and communication barriers that arise from the social structure or individual interpersonalÃ¢â¬â¢ perceptions, assumptions and expectations. The interpersonal conflict has a huge impact on the individual himself and extends to the workplace. The Human Resources (HR) role comes in light to attempt to help in the conflict resolution process. Human resourcesRead MoreGender and Culture Conflicts at Work858 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesÃ¯ » ¿Gender and Culture Conflicts @Work There are a number of conflicts at my workplace. One of which that is related to gender is the differences in conflict management and conflict interaction with respect to gender. I noticed differences in how women react to and engage in conflict as compared with men. While differences are good in some cases, these differences, particularly with respect to conflict (in general) can exacerbate the conflict or redirect it such that the conflict does not get resolvedRead MoreThe Importance Of Guidance For Leaders And Employees1097 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesIntroduction: A successful leader must communicate effectively with their staff and remains supported when difficult issues arise within the work environment. Conflicts among staff is a major issue within the healthcare system and often time occurs between physician, nurses, patients and their family. Leaders must listen empathetically and intervene when conflict arises. Failure can results in chaos and thus creates a toxic environment for all that can destroy an organization. The purpose of this paper is toRead MoreReasons For The Customer Service Complaints1455 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesprocess Coaching Use question and feedbacks to help learnersÃ¢â¬â¢ learning process. It is a process to help staffs improve their performance in the workplace. It is about improving staffÃ¢â¬â¢s performance level and concentrate on the task results Counselling Counselling is used when there is an issue with staff behavior, performance and personal issues in the workplace. Mentoring Share information, experiences and give and receive advices and guidance. It is to create a positive influence on staffsÃ¢â¬â¢ professionalRead MoreRecent Customer Service Issues Within Cricket Equip1429 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesprocess Coaching Use question and feedbacks to help learnersÃ¢â¬â¢ learning process. It is a process to help staffs improve their performance in the workplace. It is about improving staffÃ¢â¬â¢s performance level and concentrate on the task results Counselling Counselling is used when there is an issue with staff behavior, performance and personal issues in the workplace. Mentoring Share information, experiences and give and receive advices and guidance. It is to create a positive influence on staffsÃ¢â¬â¢ professionalRead MoreInternal Conflict : A Blessing And Curse For Any Organisation1249 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesInternal conflict can be a blessing and curse for any organisation. The conflict that ensures may have extreme ramifications on the business, however through conflict some of the greatest innovations can be born ensuring a business thrives. Although workplace diversity can cause conflict it can easily broaden the horizons for an organisation and spark communication. Internal conflict will result in the scrutiny of organizational habits and help expel practices that may be hindering the future ofRead MoreRecent Customer Service Issues Within Cricket Equip1345 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesLead effective workplace relationships Assessment Task 2: Project Part A Agenda Template To: firstname.lastname@example.org ,email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org From: email@example.com Subject: Recent customer service issues within Cricket Equip Date: 20/03/16 Meeting topics to be discussed 1. Meeting opening and welcome 9.00am-9.30am 2. Current customer service complaints within Cricket Equip 10.30am -11.00am 3. Cricket Equip customer service standard and procedures 11.00am-11Read MoreEffective Communication Skills Are Essential For Success1222 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesIndividuals today in the workplace need to effectively communicate with employees, customers and potential clients. Effective and clear communication if not delivered in the right manner could be interpreted by the receiver and have a negative impact. There are many barriers that can effect a conversation such as cultural differences, gender and environment. Employees can learn how to adapt in different situations to improve their skills and potentially avoid conflict. How can manager and employeesRead MoreEssay about Conflict Resolution Case Study1283 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesConflict Resolution Case Study Conflict is inescapable, having the ability to recognize, understand, and resolve conflicts are important in both personal and professional lives. Myatt (2012) states that conflict in the workplace is unavoidable; if left unresolved, workplace conflict may result in loss of productivity and the creation of barriers that can inhibit creativity, cooperation, and collaboration. It is vital to embrace conflict and address problems through effective conflict-resolutionRead MoreEmployee Retention Rates And The Quality Of Work910 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagessuch as conflict resolution is a major facet in employee satisfaction It is very important to try and ensure that the time employees are spending at work is both fruitful for the organization, as well as conducive to the staffs mental health. Disgruntled employees can impact an organization in a small way by not completing tasks accurately or in a timely fashion. They can also make a large impact by spreading negative information about the organization or even as far as a violent workplace outburst
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Active Duty Service Members. Traditionally, the U.S. military has faced lower suicide rates compared to their civilian counterparts. However, the suicide rate among active duty military personnel has increased in the last decade, almost doubling in the Army and Marine Corps. Unlike the low active duty suicide rates of Vietnam, OEF/OIF active duty suicide rates are at near record highs (McCarl, 2013). Once again, it is believed that multiple deployments to Iraq and Afghanistan is one of the culprits of this staggering statistic. Since operations has begun in the Middle East in 2001 through 2011, there have been 2,810 military personnel who have committed suicide while on active duty (McCarl, 2013). Suicide by Firearms. Firearms are the most common means of suicide among military veterans. Among male veterans, 84% of completed suicides involved firearms, compared to 55% among nonveterans (Kaplan et al., 2009). Firearm suicide rates were highest among veterans aged 18 to 34 and those aged 65 years and older. Firearm suicide rates among veterans aged 18 to 34 years was a staggering 150% higher than that of their civilian counterparts (Kaplan et al., 2009). Kaplan et al. (2009) has found that 75% of military veterans report that they own a firearm, of those individuals 59% have considered using a firearm to complete suicide, and 38% had loaded a firearm with suicide in mind while intoxicated (p. 503). Women Veterans. Women now make up a significant number of theShow MoreRelatedThe Veterans Of Foreign Wars Organization Essay1187 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesIntroduction The Veterans of Foreign Wars Organization (VFW) is a nonprofit group founded in 1899 comprised of military service members and qualified veterans. Their mission is to serve the veterans, military, and community while nurturing camaraderie (VFW, n.d.). They aim to ensure that all veterans are appreciated for their service and are recognized for the sacrifice they have made for this great country. The VFW of Rapid City, South Dakota is one of many locations in the United States. TheyRead MoreSuicide, The Silent Killer1343 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagessuicide, The Silent Killer Suicide is the tenth leading cause of death across all ages in the United States. It is also the second leading cause of death for 15 - 35 year olds nationwide. The World Health Organization (or WHO) estimates that approximately 1 million people die every year from suicide. However, almost twice that number that attempt it and survived. In Georgia suicide is the third leading cause of death with roughly 1,000 death per year. Suicide has lasting effects on families and communities;Read MoreVeterans Are Winning The War Of Afghanistan, Losing The Battle At Home1694 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesVeterans are winning the war in Afghanistan but, losing the battle at home. Many veterans result from some kind of damage, with mental disability being the most common, because mental and emotional encumbrance comes home with the veterans when they return from war. Many of these affected veterans sign up for an eternal waiting list that does not assure them with the necessary financial help. Leaving the m with little or no help, and without the help the veterans integrate the problems into theirRead MoreThe Deaths Of The United States2639 Words Ã |Ã 11 PagesAccording to recent data, suicide is in on the top ten causes of death in the United States. As the staggering number of suicides increases to over 36,000 a year, and more than a 100 each day. (OÃ¢â¬â¢Neil 1) When looking at the data for military veterans, the numbers are even more alarming, as the increasing number, is caused for a national concern. In the past decade the demographics for veterans that committed suicide was predominantly was white male and in the age range of 18 years to 25 years oldRead MoreMental Health and Mental Illness: Measuring the Depth Within1877 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesmajor depression or a bipolar disorder. This means that about 2.4 million Americans or 11% of all adults develop and live with schizophrenia. About half of these cases start at age 14 (NAMI). National Health Expenditures The annual economic and indirect cost of mental illness has been placed at $79 billion, approximately $63 billion of which accounts for lost productivity as a result of mental illnesses NAMI, 2012). Mental Illness and Gender Suicide is the third leading cause of death in theRead MorePost Traumatic Stress Disorder Essay1672 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesfor the increasing number of Michigan Veterans affected by psychological diagnoses and the benefits that come from utilizing service dogs to decrease effects associated with these diagnoses for Veterans to function in society. It would allow a five-year pilot program to be established to record the significance service dogs have on decreasing psychological symptoms of Veterans with post-traumatic stress disorder. It would also record the number of Veterans who are able to return to normal functionalityRead MorePost-Traumatic Stress Disorder: Causes Symptoms and Effects Essay1382 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesor Operation Enduring Freedom. What this number does not include are the 39,365 cases of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (more commonly known as PTSD). (Department 2009) Although we usually think of war injuries as being physical, one of the most common war inju ries is Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, and the effects can be devastating to a redeploying soldier who has come in contact with severely traumatic experiences. PTSD is an anxiety disorder in which patients who have experienced extremelyRead MoreThe Role Of Financial Resources On The War Of The United States1152 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesrequired the same resources within the country. Until now the casualties of such useless enterprise are the reason for the 0ngoing government issues. Going to war does not just mean playing the hero to help the people in need. It is not a fiction movie but the reality. It is reality that can be seen in the family of the military members, and their community. First of all, when families send their men off to warzones, even when they feel the pride of serving their country, the fear of whether their belovedRead MoreEffects of Substance Abuse among the Ranks of US Army Soldiers2602 Words Ã |Ã 10 PagesThe Effects of Substance Abuse among the Ranks of U.S. Army Soldiers Introduction The New York Times reported recently that suicides are on track for becoming the most common cause of death for members of the military in 2012, higher than the number dying in combat (Williams, 2012). Although suicides have occurred in all branches of the U.S. military, the Army accounts for a full 53% of the total number (AFHSC, 2012a, p. 7). The stress of combat is believed to one of the primary contributingRead MorePost Traumatic Stress Disorder ( Ptsd )1708 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesIraqi Freedom (OIF) and Operation New Dawn (OND) veterans in the United States (DoD, 2014). Post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and traumatic brain injury (TBI) are signature wounds of these military operations, and are commonly referred to as Ã¢â¬Å"invisible wounds of warÃ¢â¬ (Tanielian et al 2008, from bello have another?-). OEF, OIF, and OND consisted of the longest and most frequent deployments in U.S. History with forty-eight percent of veterans having served at least two deployments (DoD, 2013)
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Question: What Is The Major Topical Issue In All Levels Of Organization? Answer: Introduction In the recent decades, effective leadership has emerged to be a major topical issue in all levels of organization due to the critical part that leadership plays towards the success of an organization. Due to the critical role of leadership, it is important for the one in leadership position to possess self-awareness regarding his leadership strengths and weaknesses. To facilitate this process, have been developed several tools for leaders to carry out self-assessment. Some of these tools include Leadership self-assessment Personal Style Inventory, Credibility Assessment, and Leadership Assessment Team Leadership Styles Profile. This paper is going to provide an analysis of my potential as a leader following the results of the three leadership assessment tools above. An explanation of the purpose of the assessment tool Leadership Assessment Team Leadership Styles Profile is based on leadership attributes scale that is used in the leadership curriculum of Monash University. It consists of an 18-item questionnaire, which allows a leader to respond by marketing them on a scale of 1 (Always) to 4 (Never). The purpose of this tool is to assess ones leadership behavior and to determine his or her style of leadership. This tool divides leaders into three categories, for example, autocratic; a leader who focuses on costs and control, collaborative; a leader who is productive and cooperative, and empowering; a leader who demonstrates high involvement with the team and its activities. The second leadership tool is the Credibility Assessment, whose purpose is to provide students with information about their current level of credibility with regards to leadership. It is made up of a 14-item questionnaire that allows one to respond in a scale of 1 to 5, and the scores are used to determine whether a leader possess two major components of credible leadership, which are trust and expertise. The third tool is the Leadership self-assessment Personal Style Inventory, which is made up of a consisting of 32-item questionnaire. The purpose of this tool is to help first line supervisors, manager, and team leaders to carry out their personal inventory based on four dimension. These dimensions are introversion and extroversion, sensing and intuiting, judging and perceiving and thinking and feeling. A discussion about the insights the results provided into your potential as a leader According to the results of Leadership self-assessment Personal Style Inventory, I have a high potential of becoming an effective leader. Based on the first dimension, I am an extrovert due to my characteristics of interacting with others and the ability to understand the external. According to transactional theory of leadership, a good leader should possess effective skills of collaboration and teamwork to steer a team towards success (Turner Mller, 2010). These skills are vital because they enable the leader to develop a skilled and a talented team to achieve the goals and objectives that have been set. Through effective collaboration and teamwork, I can develop a team where members supplement one anothers weaknesses. This is in accordance with the trait-based theory of leadership that states that a good leader influences people through his innate characteristic (Zaccaro, 2007). The results also show that I am a thinker more than a feeler. This shows that I have effective thinking skills, which is vital for successful leadership. As a leader, I am able to make reasonable and well-thought out judgment and express my ideas in a logical manner (French Tracey, 2010). Equally, as a leader I can conceptualize, analyze and synthesize the information that I receive from my subordinates and make appropriate decisions that facilitate the achievement of the set goals and objectives (Elder Paul, 2009). Based on the Credibility Assessment Tool, I lack the sufficient expertise to be a leader; however, I have a high level of trust in my organization. With a score of 25, I have sufficient expertise in my organization, but I need to make significant improvements to become an effective leader. My colleagues view me a subject matter expert and this gives me a high potential of becoming an effective leader within my organization. Based on the traits theory of leadership, one must believe in himself and he should be able to win the trust of his subordinates by demonstrating good qualities of leadership (Goodwin, Lee Whittington, Murray, Nichols, 2011). According to the findings of the Leadership Assessment Team Leadership Styles Profile, I have very minimal potential of being a collaborative frontline winner. The transformational theory of leadership requires that a leader should possess effective skills of collaboration to transform and inspire his team to achieve the set goals and objectives (Riaz Haider, 2010). However, the lack of these skills limits my potential of serving as a good leader due to lack of the ability to transform and inspire my subordinates to embrace teamwork. Despite this, I have effective skills of empowering front line leader, therefore, the ability to get involved in the activities of my organization enables me to inspire my team to success. Besides, my low score on autocratic leadership demonstrate that I have the potential of becoming a good leader who embraces teamwork. This is in accordance to the democratic theory of leadership, which advocates for the involvement and participation of the subordinate s in the decision making process. A comparison and contrast of the results from each self-assessment Similarities The results from all the three assessment tools indicate that I possess effective critical thinking skills. Leadership self-assessment Personal Style Inventory, I am a thinker more than a perceiver. Equally, according to Leadership Assessment Team Leadership Styles Profile, always solve problems as they come. These shows that in have effective analytical skills to make informed decisions to steer my team towards success (Truss, Shantz, Soane, Alfes, Delbridge, 2013). Another similarity between the three tools is that I have characteristics of a collaborative leader. The tools shows that I am an extrovert, I interact with my team members and I engage them in the process of decision-making and in the teams activities to attain the set goals (Pandya, 2014).This is in accordance to the democratic theory of leadership, which advocates for the involvement of the subordinates in the process of decision making (Goodpasture, 2010). This is similar to the findings of Leadership self-assessment Personal Style Inventory which shows that I am an empowering frontline leader who embraces the involvement of others in organizational tasks. Similarly, the Credibility Assessment shows that I have a strong relationship with my team members. Differences The results of Leadership Self-assessment Personal Style Inventory shows that I highly embrace teamwork and collaboration and that I value working with others. This is similar to the results of Credibility Assessment provide contrary results a collaborative leader due to my practice of involving my subordinates in the decision-making process. On the other hand, the results of the Leadership Assessment Team Leadership Styles Profile, which shows that I score very low as a collaborative frontline leader. Therefore, I do not cooperate with my colleagues and these results contradicts the findings of the first two tools. Another difference between the results of the three tools is in my decision-making process. Accounting to Leadership Assessment Team Leadership Styles Profile, I often make instant decisions on my own. This can be understood through the situational/contingency theory of leadership, which advocates for taking contingency measures to address unexpected events within an organization (Peretomode, 2012). On the other hand, the results of Credibility Assessment and the Leadership Self-assessment Personal Style Inventory show that I only make decisions after consulting with my team; a characteristic of a collaborative leader (Coleman MacNicol, 2015). Leadership Styles Concise Analysis Transformational leadership refers a leadership style where the leader works in collaboration with the subordinates to identify the relevant changes, develop a vision and inspire the subordinates to achieve the set goals (Neider Schriesheim, 2011). On the other hand, trait-based leadership is where the leader utilizes his unique inborn character to provide leadership and inspire the subordinates to achieve the set goals and objectives (Yukl, 2010). This section is going to discuss the similarities and differences between these two styles of leadership. Similarities between trait based and transformational leadership With regards the roles, both leadership styles involves having a strong influence on the subordinates (Boerner, Eisenbeiss, Griesser, 2007). According to trait-based theory, a leader is born with certain particular individual features and capabilities that distinguish them from their subordinates. The leader utilizes these special characters to influence their subordinates. Equally, transformational leaders develop a strong vision to inspire their subordinate to work towards it. With regards to behavior, both leadership style entails collaboration and team. It is required that leaders should work together with subordinates and that the whole team should be engaged in the decision-making process and get involved in all organizational activities to ensure organizational success (Northouse, 2016,). With regards to preference, both transformational leaders prefer the development of a vision and inspiring their subordinates to success. Both leaders possess excellent visionary skills and able to formulate effective visions according to the needs of their subordinates. Differences With regards to type, transformational leaders embrace democracy in their leadership process because they need to work with subordinates to identify a change and work towards achieving the desired change (Winkler, 2010). Conversely, trait-based style of leadership tends to embrace autocracy due to their unique characters which command followership even without the will of the followers. Concerning the role of a leader, transformational leaders play the role of motivating their subordinates to towards the achievement of the main goal. Transformational organizational leaders use motivational theories such as Maslows hierarchy of needs to motivate their followers, for instance, they identify the needs of their followers and work towards fulfilling them (Norman, Avolio, Luthans, 2010). On the other hand, trait-based leaders give directions for others to follower without necessarily motivating them. Concerning capabilities, transformation leaders can arouse the emotions of the followers through effective communication skills to lead them towards the achievement of the set organizations goals. According to the transformational leadership theory, effective leadership entails the ability to motivate and inspire your subordinates or team members to attain the set goals according to the needs of the team (Riaz Haider, 2010). Conversely, the trait-based leaders rely on the use of punishment and rewards trigger motivation to their followers to work towards achieving the set goals. In conclusion, both transformational and trait-based leadership share a lot in common, for example, the use of collaboration and inspiring the subordinates. These skills enable them to lead their teams to success. However, they have some differences, for example, while transformational leaders embrace democracy, trait-based leaders tend to be more autocratic in the leadership process. References Coleman, S. MacNicol, D., 2015,Project Leadership, Gower Publishing, Ltd: Farnham, Surrey, UK Burlington, VT. Elder, L. Paul, R., 2009. The Aspiring Thinkers Guide to Critical Thinking. Foundation for Critical Thinking Press: 17, 20, and 44. [Online]. Available at: https://www.criticalthinking.org/ctmodel/logic-model1.htm French, E. Tracey, N., 2010, Critical Thinking and Organization Theory: Embedding a process to encourage graduate capabilities, E-Journal of Business Education Scholarship of Teaching, Vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 1-10. Goodpasture, J., 2010, Project Management the Agile Way: Making it Work in the Enterprise,J. Ross Publishing, Ft. Lauderdale, FL. Goodwin, V. L., Lee Whittington, J., Murray, B., Nichols, T., 2011, Moderator or mediator? Examining the role of trust in the transformational leadership paradigm, Journal of Managerial Issues, Vol. 23, no. 4, pp. 409. Neider, L. L., Schriesheim, C. A., 2011, The Authentic Leadership Inventory (ALI): Development and empirical tests, The Leadership Quarterly, Vol. 22, no. 6, pp. 1146-1164. Norman, S.M, Avolio, B.J., Luthans, F., 2010, The impact of positivity and transparency on trust in leaders and their perceived effectiveness. Leadership Quarterly, Vol. 21, pp. 350. Northouse,P. G., 2016, Leadership: Theory and practice, (7th Ed). SAGE Publications: Los Angeles, CA. Pandya, K. D., 2014, The Key Competencies of Project Leader beyond the Essential Technical Capabilities, IUP Journal of Knowledge Management, Vol. 12, no. 4, pp. 39-48. Peretomode, O., 2012, Situational and Contingency Theories of Leadership: Are They the Same?, IOSR Journal of Business and Management, Vol. 4, no. 3, pp. 13-17. Riaz, A. Haider, M. H., 2010, Role of transformational and transactional leadership on job satisfaction and career satisfaction, Business and Economic Horizons, Vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 29-38. Truss, C., Shantz, A., Soane, E., Alfes, K. Delbridge, R., 2013, Employee engagement, organisational performance and individual well-being: exploring the evidence, developing the theory, The International Journal of Human Resource Management, Vol. 24, no. 14, pp. 2657-2669. Turner, J. Mller, R., 2010,Project-Oriented Leadership.Gower Publishing, Ltd: Farnham, Surrey, UK Burlington, VT. Winkler, I., 2010,Contemporary Leadership Theories: Enhancing the Understanding of the Complexity, Subjectivity and Dynamic of Leadership, Physica-Verlag: Heidelberg. Yukl, G., 2010, Leadership in organizations. (7th Ed.). Prentice Hall: Upper Saddle River, NJ. Zaccaro, S., 2007, Trait-Based Perspectives of Leadership, American Psychologist, Vol. 62, no. 1, pp. 6-16.
Sunday, April 12, 2020
Benito Mussolini In the early 20th century, before Benito Mussolini and his fascist regime came to power. Italy was in a terrible state. The government was corrupt, there were back door deals taking place and there was wide spread violence. The government was constantly using brute force to silence those who opposed, many were also thrown in jail for advocating a change in the government. Among these men were Mussolini's father who during Benito early years instilled the ideas of socialism and a socialist government. During Benito's upbringing his father was thrown in jail a number of times for urging the over throw of the current Italian government. Times were tough and people had to struggle to fed themselves and their family. The Mussolini's were poor as were many others in Italy at the time. Working hard Benito Mussolini was able to get a job as a school teacher, after working only a year at it, he borrowed some money from his parents to buy a train ticket to Switzerland. In Switzerland Mussolini greatly increased his knowledge of socialism. Later returning to Italy, Mussolini began to gain a following. He became to editor of the Socialist newspaper where he constantly preached his ideas. World War I began to roll around and against the wishes of the Socialist party he began to advocate that Italy enter the war. Mussolini then left the Socialist party and went to fight for the cause. After coming out of the war chaos gripped Italy, and it was during this time that Mussolini's views spread throughout the country. He gained an army of followers including military veterans. Mussolini also connected with the lower classes and gained their support. Now with some backing Mussolini formed the National Fascist Party. With this power he was able to take over the government and declared a complete dictatorship. The Italy that was once falling apart was now back up on its feet. Mussolini was a dictator of the people. He built roads, harnessed rivers, increased production and ran the trains on time. The standard of living Italy was increasing and the people were loving him. He was someone the people could relate to he was a success story. From poverty to ruling the country and improving it on the way. After several years in power Mussolini became power hungry once again. He abolished all other political parties and imposed government control on virtually ever aspect of Italian life. He conquered Ethiopia and Albania. His tragic ending was near when he became involved with Hitler and aided him in World War II. After Italy was humiliated, Mussolini was captured by his own people who once loved him and he was killed. During his rule Mussolini changed the chaotic government that preceded him which did nothing to help the people of Italy and he help the lower classes which he sympathized with. To many Mussolini and his Fascist regime were feared, but in Italy they were loved.
Wednesday, March 11, 2020
T4RSP Tax Slips for Canadian Income Taxes A Canadian T4RSP tax slip, or Statement of RRSP Income, is prepared and issued by a financial institution to tell you and the Canada Revenue Agency (CRA) how much money you withdrew from or received out of your RRSPs for a given tax year and how much tax was deducted. A T4RSP slip also shows the amount withdrawn from an RRSP under the Home Buyers Plan and for the Lifelong Learning Plan. Money transferred from an RRSP to a spouse or partner under a court order or written agreement in a marriage or partnership breakdown is also shown on a T4RSP. Residents of Quebec receive a RelevÃ © 2 (RL-2). Deadline for T4RSP Tax Slips T4RSP tax slips must be issued by the last day of February the year after the calendar year to which the T4RSP tax slips apply. Sample T4RSP Tax Slip This sample T4RSP tax slip from the CRA site shows what a T4RSP tax slip looks like. For more information on what is included in each box on the T4RSP tax slip and how to deal with it when filing your income tax return, click on the box number in the pull-down menu or click on the box on the sample T4RSP tax slip. Filing T4RSP Tax Slips With Your Income Tax Return When you file a paper income tax return, include copies of each of the T4RSP tax slips you receive. If you file your income tax return using NETFILE or EFILE, keep copies of your T4RSP tax slips with your records for six years in case the CRA asks to see them. Missing T4RSP Tax Slips If you havent received a T4RSP slip, file your income tax return by the deadline anyway to avoid penalties for filing your income taxes late. Calculate the income and any related deductions and credits you can claim as closely as you can using any information you have. Include a note with the financial institutions name and address, the type and amount of RRSP income and related deductions, and what you have done to get a copy of the missing T4RSP slip. Include copies of any statements you used in calculating the income and deductions for the missing T4RSP tax slip. Other T4 Tax Information Slips Other T4 tax information slips include: T4 - Statement of Remuneration PaidT4A - Statement of Pension, Retirement, Annuity, and Other IncomeT4A(OAS) - Statement of Old Age SecurityT4A(P) - Statement of Canada Pension Plan BenefitsT4E - Statement of Employment Insurance and Other BenefitsT4RIF - Statement of Income From a Registered Retirement Income Fund
Sunday, February 23, 2020
Parphrase for TARIQ PART 1 AND PART 2 - Essay Example This implies that the pin will not generate more than 200mA. Pin 6 Ã¢â¬â is chipÃ¢â¬â¢s threshold pin. The function of this pin is to determine rail voltageÃ¢â¬â¢s two thirds so that a LOW state output can be achieved only when Pin 2 is in the HIGH state. The impedance of Pin 6 is quite high so that it triggers at nearly 1uA. A 555 timer based oscillator can be defined as a circuit which gives waveforms running highly and clear free. It is possible to adjust these waveformsÃ¢â¬â¢ output frequency by making a connection between an RC circuit, one capacitor, and two resistors. This circuit is a general relaxation oscillatorÃ¢â¬â¢s type that gives out stable square waveforms. The frequency of these waveforms is fixed at nearly 500 kHz. It may have duty cycles anywhere between 50 and 100%. This oscillator circuit consists of a re-triggering mechanism that is made by interfacing the trigger input Pin 2 and Pin 6 that is threshold voltage. This is unlike the monostable circuit which terminates after elapse of the pre-set time. As a result, the device becomes a stable oscillator circuit. Pin 2 and Pin 6 are interconnected in the above oscillator circuit. This results in the development of a self-triggering mechanism in the circuit in every operation cycle so that the operation of the circuit becomes a free running oscillator. Another name for this circuit is voltage-to-frequency converter because it is possible to change its output frequency by changing the applied input voltage. Pin 5 is generally the pin of voltage control. The primary function of Pin 5 is trigger control and control of the threshold levels. The voltage across Pin 5 is generally VccÃ¢â¬â¢s two-third because of the existence of a voltage divider that is internally built. Upon the application of an external voltage to this terminal, it is possible to change the control voltage. The timing capacitor is the voltage across the